Just An Application

September 11, 2009

“MIDlet not constructed by createMIDlet.” ?

Filed under: Java, JME, MIDlets, MIDP, MIDP Implementation, Mobile Java — Tags: , , , , — Simon Lewis @ 11:23 am

This is a bit of a meta or recursive post in a way because it is prompted by my curiousity as to why the phrase

MIDlet not constructed by createMIDlet.

keeps turning up in the list of search terms used by people who have ended up here.

It is not really a generic term like some of the others which bring people here. For example

MIDP3

or

MIDlets on Android

or variations thereof.

It is pretty specific, and it is the same phrase everytime, but It is not one I’ve ever used here. So what does it match here and what is everyone looking for ?

Finding out what the search engines are matching here is easy enough. Type it in and see what they reference. The answer is this post

      What’s New In MIDP 3.0 ? Part 10: The MIDlet Lifecycle

which contains the terms “constructed”. “create”, and “MIDlet()”. Hence the match, but obviously not very useful given the actual search term.

Where does the search term itself originate ? Judging from some of the other search results it is an error message associated with a SecurityException thrown by Sun’s MIDP implementatation, so I’m guessing that people are seeing this exception and want to know what causes it.

The answer I suspect is that they are trying to create a MIDlet programatically and you are not allowed to do that as it says in the Throws clause of the documentation for the javax.microedition.midlet.MIDlet constructor

java.lang.SecurityException – unless the application management software is creating the MIDlet.

There are a good reasons for not allowing this. It would be very hard if not impossible to implement MIDP and ensure the correct lifecycle behaviour if MIDlets could be constructed programmatically.

Ironically it is actually pretty tricky to prevent it happening as well. As an implementor the only hook you have is the javax.microedition.midlet.MIDlet constructor which is in what is effectively a sealed package, but it can be done.

If you want to see exactly how Sun did it you can download their MIDP implementation as part of Phoneme Feature or Phoneme Advanced.

If you want to see how we (Symbian) did it, well unfortunately currently you can’t, which is a shame, because it was quite clever. Well at least I thought so, but then I would.

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